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Year : 2021  |  Volume : 9  |  Issue : 3  |  Page : 99-102

Catching them young: Impact of educational intervention on cervical cancer knowledge and human papilloma virus vaccine hesitancy in adolescent girls in urban India

Department of Community Medicine, Bharati Vidyapeeth (DTU) Medical College, Pune, Maharashtra, India

Correspondence Address:
Aarati B Pokale
Department of Community Medicine, Bharati Vidyapeeth (DTU) Medical College, Pune 411043, Maharashtra
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/dypj.dypj_51_21

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Background and Objectives: Cervical cancer is the most common cancer in females and a leading cause of cancer death in developing countries. The objectives are (1) to assess knowledge regarding cervical cancer and its risk factors among female adolescents and (2) to analyze human papilloma virus (HPV) vaccine status and reasons for vaccine hesitancy. Materials and Methods: This is a cross-sectional interventional study in a women’s engineering college in Pune city, Maharashtra, India. About 230 students were administered pre-test. Educational intervention using videos on cervical cancer was done. Post-test was administered to check the change in knowledge. Statistical Analysis Used: SPSS software is used to calculate percentages and to apply the χ2 test. Results: Most participants had poor knowledge about cervical cancer. About 52% and 57% of the students did not know the cause and mode of spread of HPV. Only 15% were aware about vaccine. Unawareness was a major barrier to HPV vaccination. Conclusion: A need to empower females by educating them about cervical cancer was realized. The risk factors for this malignancy are preventable, and educational intervention can go a long way in raising awareness.

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